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Main Menu  -  View ALL Autism Spectrum Disorder articles 

Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) 

Prevalence of Autism

 According to the most recent statistical data provided by the Centers for Disease Control & Prevention (2014)

·         About 1 percent of the world population has autism spectrum disorder.

·         Prevalence in the United States is estimated at 1 in 68 births.

·         More than 3.5 million Americans live with an autism spectrum disorder.

·         Prevalence of autism in U.S. children increased by 119.4 percent from 2000 (1 in 150) to 2010 (1 in 68). Autism is the fastest-growing developmental disability.

·         Prevalence has increased by 6-15 percent each year from 2002 to 2010.

CLICK HERE FOR A SHORT VIDEO ON AUTISM RATES IN THE U.S.

What are the common signs?

Children and adults with ASD tend to have communication deficits, such as responding inappropriately in conversations, misreading nonverbal interactions, or having difficulty building friendships appropriate to their age.   In addition, people with ASD may be overly dependent on routines, highly sensitive to changes in their environment, or intensely focused on inappropriate items.  Some may show heightened sensitivities toward sounds and certain textures. The symptoms of ASD vary greatly and now fall under an umbrella or spectrum, with some individuals showing mild symptoms (previously referred to as Asperger’s Syndrome) and others having much more severe symptoms (previously known as Severe Pervasive Developmental Disorder). Diagnosing under this spectrum  allows clinicians to account for the variations in symptoms and behaviors from person to person.  Under the new DSM-5 criteria, individuals with ASD must show symptoms from early childhood, even if those symptoms are not recognized until later.  

Testing for ASD

Research has found that most standard IQ tests do not tap the true cognitive ability of many children on the autistic spectrum. According to the highly respected National Research Council, in order for an autistic child to perform to their ability on a standard IQ test, they must be able to quickly respond to verbal questions and have well developed motor skills. But if the disability by definition prevents the child from doing that with the test administrator (as autism often does), it may be impossible to determine the child’s true intelligence.   However, higher functioning ASD (previously referred to as Asperger’s) who show higher IQ’s and can be tested using traditional means. 

Child Testing incorporates a combination of various instruments in the ASD diagnostic process which includes: an exclusive ASD Behavioral Checklist (developed by Michelle Rexach), behavioral observations, and a thorough review of all functional and relevant background information provided by parents or caregivers.  Please call us for a free consultation. 

Treatment for ASD

There is no cure for ASD as it is a genetic and thus lifelong condition. However, most people with ASD can live fulfilling and productive lives. Many on the higher functioning side of the spectrum are able to be completely independent and  become quite successful. Some examples of famous icons believed to have a form of ASD include: Bill Gates, Susan Boyle, Sir Isaac Newton, Albert Einstein, Hans Christian Anderson,  Temple Grandin, PhD (professor at Colorado State University and autism activist).

For more information go to: http://www.autismspeaks.org

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